Halloween in the United States

Halloween will be here before you know it. With everyone rushing out to buy the perfect costume, not all understand what this popular holiday is for. Here is the story of the origin of Halloween and common traditions of how it is celebrated in the United States.

Group of children in a Trick or Treating during Halloween

 

Explanation of the origin of Halloween and story of the traditional Jack-O-Latern  from Castle of Spirits.

What is Halloween? Is it worshipping demons? Is it spirits walking the earth?

The word “Halloween” is derived from a few things; All Saints Day (1st November), Eve of All Hallows (All Hallows Eve) or Hallow Even.

The celebration of Halloween was originally the New Years Eve of the Celts, the eve of Samhain or “Winter’s Eve”. It was generally believed that the dead or disembodied spirits of all those who had died throughout the preceding year would come back in search of living bodies to possess for the next year. It was believed to be their only hope for the afterlife. All who were alive of course didn’t want to be possessed by these lost souls so on the night of October 31st, villagers would extinguish the fires in their homes to make them cold and inhospitable then dress up in ghoulish costumes and parade around the neighborhood making as much noise as possible to frighten away the spirits looking for a live body to possess. Food and drink (which I’d say accounted for the crazy actions of the villages, not the fear of being possessed) would be left out for these costume wielding villages.

 

It was believed in ninth-century Europe that after you died, your soul remained in limbo. To send the souls up to Heaven the Christians used to go “souling”. On 31st October, All Souls Day, they would go around to all the villages and collect “soul cakes” – a cake made out of square pieces of bread with currants. The relatives of the dead would pass the cakes on to the Christians who would promise to pray for their relative which in turn would send them on to heaven. The more cakes given – the more prayers said. This is one custom which was thought that trick-or-treating originated from.

It is also thought that trick-or-treating came from Britain where it was know as “Mischief Night”, it is particularly popular in parts of northern England.

It could also of come from old Irish peasant practice in which they would go from door to door to collect money, breadcake, cheese, eggs, butter, nuts, apples, etc., in preparation for the festival of St. Columb Kill.

 

The Jack-O-lantern came from Irish Folklore. A man named Jack who was a drunkard and known for his quick temper got really drunk at the local Pub on All Hallows Eve. As his life began to slip away from him the Devil appeared to claim his soul. Jack wanted to stay alive and begged the Devil to let him have just one more drink before he died. The Devil agreed. Jack was short of money and asked the Devil if he’d assume the shape of a sixpence so Jack could buy a drink and after that the Devil could change back to himself. I don’t know why the Devil is suddenly so stupid, but he agreed to do it (silly Devil). Once the Devil assumed the shape of the coin Jack seized it and shoved it into his wallet which (amazingly) had a cross shaped clip on it. The Devil was now stuck in Jack’s wallet. He went crazy – yelling and screaming – ordering Jack to release him at once! Jack did a deal with him (oh yeah, smart move Jack) where he would release him if he agreed not to bother Jack for an entire year. The Devil was so anxious to be released he agreed.

Jack was ecstatic to have escaped the Devil and have a whole new lease on life. Jack mended his ways, for a little while at least. He was good to his wife and children and began attending church and giving to charity. But Jack slowly and surely slipped back to his old ways.

The next All Hallows Eve the Devil appeared to Jack again. He demanded that Jack accompany him to his death. Jack thought he could once again outsmart the Devil and somehow managed to con the incredibly stupid Devil into getting an apple out of a nearby apple tree. Jack even went so far as to hoist the Devil up the apple tree. Once the Devil was up the tree Jack took out a knife and carved a cross into the trunk of the tree – therefore trapping the Devil. The Devil went spare and started demanding to be released and yelling and screaming. He promised Jack that if he was let out of the tree he would give him 10 years of peace. Jack decided that wasn’t good enough and demanded that he never be bothered by the Devil again. The Devil agreed and was released from his apple tree trap.

Jack went back to his drunken and angry ways and after almost one year his body gave out and Jack died. He tried to enter Heaven but was refused entry because of his evil ways. He then tried to enter Hell – but the Devil would never forgive Jack for the tricks he played on him. The Devil decided to be helpful for once and threw Jack a coal, he said it was to help him find his way in the dark of limbo. Jack put the piece of coal in a turnip and it became known as a Jack-O-Lantern. It is said that on All Hallows Eve if you look hard enough you can still see Jack’s flame burning dimly as he searches through the darkness for a home.

The use of Jack-O-Lanterns as festival lights for Halloween is a custom that descended form the Irish who used carved out turnips or beets as lanterns. On Halloween these lights represented the souls of the dead. When the Irish immigrated to America they found that pumpkins were far more easier to come by than turnips. The Jack-O-Lantern then became a hollowed-out pumpkin lit with a candle.

The following is from Time and Date and discusses how Halloween is celebrated in America.

What do people do?

Halloween is usually celebrated amongst family, friends and, sometimes, co-workers. However, some areas hold large community events. Parties and other events may be planned on October 31 or in the weekends before and after this date. Adults may celebrate by watching horror films, holding costume parties or creating haunted houses or graveyards.

Many children dress up in fancy costumes and visit other homes in the neighborhood. At each house, they demand sweets, snacks or a small gift. If they do not get this, they threaten to do some harm to the inhabitants of the house. This is known as playing ‘trick-or-treat’ and is supposed to happen in a friendly spirit, with no nasty or mean tricks being carried out. However, if your children take part, it is important to accompany them and to check their ‘treats’ to make sure they are safe to eat or play with.

Some families carve lanterns with ‘scary’ faces out of pumpkins or other vegetables or decorate their homes and gardens in Halloween style. These were traditionally intended to ward off evil spirits. If you are at home on Halloween, it is a good idea to have a bowl of small presents or sweets to offer to anyone who knocks on your door. This will help you to please the little spirits in your neighborhood!

One cause that ties with Halloween is collecting donations for the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF). As children trick-or-treat on Halloween night, some of them might carry small cardboard boxes with the UNICEF logo on them and collect coins instead of the usual candy. The money collected is then given to UNICEF and used to help needy children worldwide.

Public life

Halloween is not an official holiday. Government offices and businesses are open as usual and public transit services run on regular schedules. If you drive around in late afternoon or evening, it is important to keep a careful lookout for children who are unaccustomed to being out on the street after dark. If they are wearing dark costumes or masks, they may be less easy to see than normal. They may also be excited and dart out unexpectedly from between vehicles or behind bushes.

Background

Halloween originated as a pagan festival in parts of Northern Europe, particularly around what is now the United Kingdom. Many European cultural traditions hold that Halloween is a time when magic is most potent and spirits can make contact with the physical world. In Christian times, it became a celebration of the evening beforeAll Saints’ Day. Immigrants from Scotland and Ireland brought the holiday to the United States.

The commercialization of Halloween started in the 1900s, when postcards and die-cut paper decorations were produced. Halloween costumes started to appear in stores in the 1930s and the custom of ‘trick-or-treat’ appeared in the 1950s. The types of products available in Halloween style increased with time. Now Halloween is a very profitable holiday for the manufacturers of costumes, yard decorations and candy.

Symbols

There are various symbols associated with Halloween. These include the spooks, ghosts and walking skeletons that represent the contact between the spiritual and physical world and between the living and the dead. Human figures that are often represented on Halloween are witches and wizards, who are seen to have the power to contact the spirit world. Bats, black cats and spiders are often connected with this holiday. These animals are associated with the night and darkness and often accompany witches and wizards.

There are also a range of objects associated with Halloween. These include blood, fire, gravestones, pumpkins, bones and skulls. They all have connections with death, the spirit world or protecting property from evil spirits. Many of these objects are now available in stores as decorations for the Halloween season.

 

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Mexico for Kids

This month, Go Au Pair’s featured country is Mexico. Here are some interesting facts for kids. Be sure to scroll to the bottom for printable worksheets.

Geography
In North America, Mexico is the southern neighbor to the United States. Mexico is approximately three times the size of the state of Texas.

Population
Mexico has the eleventh largest population of any country in the world. The average number of people living in a house is seven to ten people.

Money
The currency used in Mexico is the Mexican peso. The bills are printed in various colors such as pink, blue and green.

Food
Corn is one of the most common foods in Mexico. It is used to make tortillas which are eaten daily by most people. Tortillas are usually a substitute for bread. Other common foods are tacos, tamales, stew and beans.

Holidays
The major holidays celebrated in Mexico are Christmas, New Year’s, Easter and Independence Day on September 16th.

Sports
The most popular sport in Mexico is soccer, known as fútbol. Another common sport is bullfighting.

This information was provided by ehow

To continue to explore Go Au Pair’s featured country, Mexico, click here for some printable worksheets for kids.

Visit Go Au Pair at http://www.goaupair.com to receive $100 off when you match with an Au Pair from Mexico.

Any tips for Au Pair?

Hello, I red your blog and the article on discipline. How would you do when a 9 years old girl gets mad and upset every time you don’t what she want when she want ans the way she want (like don’t give her the answer for math homeworks and ask her to make the equation like she does every day) and the only result you got is her to ignore you (head down, stop talking). The more I talk (never raise my voice), the worst it gets !!! and she’s so stubborn, she can stay like this for hours, even with her parents !!! how i’m suppose to deal with that when I’m just an aupair. THanks

  • Au Pair Rep

    19 hours ago

    Au Pair Rep

    • Hi! The first thing that I wanted to mention is that you are right! You are the au pair. The best defense is a good offense, meaning that it would be in everyone’s best interest for you and her parents to agree on a plan together. That being said, it would be much appreciated by the parents if you came up with some ideas. As far as the homework goes, it can be exhausting for a kids to spend all day at school and then come home to more school. Does she have a break? 30 min for a snack and to relax? Does she have a routine? When she starts to get angry about you not giving the answer, try to flip the script. Tell her that you are there to help her if she wants the help, but that is all you can give her. So while I am not recommending ignoring her, you are tuning off to her emotions. Another suggestion would be to make it a game. Tell her that you are playing school and you are the teacher (even better…she is the teacher! If you can get her to give the answers still). Have you tried sticker charts? Or encouragement charts? When she ignore you, it is okay to give her some space (she is putting herself in a time out), but I think it would be great if after she has some time to cool off, run in to her room and tickle her or come in and sit quietly with her. Bake those cookies you had been planning. While some people would say it is giving in to her behavior, as the au pair, part of the job is to keep it fun. After all, she is ignoring you to get your attention. It is true, lectures don’t work. Check out How to Talk So Kids Will Listen and Listen So Kids Will Talk. It is an easy read and super helpful! If you want to try some of the suggestions, let me know how it goes. If you want to give me more info, we can come up with a plan.

      Here is a link to download reward charts and homework charts:

      http://www.child-behavior-guide.com/sticker-charts.html

       

      Does anyone have tips or have been in a similar situation?

       

What is a DS 2019

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The Form DS-2019 or “Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor (J-1) Status” is the basic document used in the administration of the exchange visitor program.

This form permits a prospective exchange visitor to seek an interview at a U.S. embassy or consulate in order to obtain a J visa to enter the United States.

The Form DS-2019 identifies the exchange visitor and their designated sponsor and provides a brief description of the exchange visitor’s program, including the start and end date, category of exchange, and an estimate of the cost of the exchange program. Read the detailed description of the Form DS-2019.

How can I obtain a Form DS-2019?

Designated sponsors are authorized to issue this form to prospective exchange visitors they have screened and selected for participation in the exchange visitor program (see How To Apply). The information in this form is completed by the sponsor prior to being given to the participant, who once given the DS-2019, can apply at a U.S. embassy or consulate for the J-1 visa.

Issuance of the J-1 visa, like all non-immigrant visas, is at the discretion of Consular Officers viewing visa applications at U.S. embassies and consulates. This means2019 that even if you are accepted to an exchange visitor program and have received your DS-2019, the Consular Officers decide if you receive the J-1 visa.

Who should I contact if I have a question or concern about my Form DS-2019?

The designated sponsor[Go Au Pair can be a sponsor] whose name and telephone number can be found on the Form DS-2019, should be contacted for questions and concerns about your Form DS-2019. Your designated sponsor is responsible for assisting and advising you on all matters regarding your exchange visitor program.

For More About an Au Pair Visa Click Here.

Spotted on J1visa.state.gov. Click Here For Link.

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Back Seat Driver: Relay Game

Required: Several big wheels or tricycles, blindfolds, and orange construction cones Players: Small to large groups
Set up teams so that each team has a small bike to ride, a blindfold and a course with 3 -5 cones ahead of them equally spaced. If you don’t have access to cones then make them out of milk jugs filled with sand or water. You can paint them differently for each team. The first player from each team will mount his bike and put on a blindfold, the next player of the team will be the back seat driver. The back seat driver will direct the driver down through the cones weaving in and out, and then back to the start line. The back seat driver will now become the driver and the next person will be the back seat driver. The old driver will go to the back of the line until he becomes the last back seat driver. The first team to complete the rotation is the winner. A great team building game which youth or young couples will enjoy.

Originally posted on funattic.com

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Dolphin Race: Pool Games

 

Divide in to teams.The first player from each team will race down and back the length of the pool while pushing the ball with their noses and forehead. If they touch the ball with their hands or any other part of their body they must go back to where that took place and start again. The next player will do the same until one team is the winner. With good swimmers, this can be done by swimming in the deep end of the pool. For a game with non swimmers, play in the shallow end.

Originally posted on funattic.com

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Grab Bag

This action-packed relay is full of surprises.

What You Need
  • two brown paper bags
  • slips of paper
  • pencil
Instructions
  1. Setup: You’ll need a starting line, a designated turnaround point, and two teams (with at least two players per team). Also, two brown bags, slips of paper, and a pencil.
    On the slips, write instructions: “Hop to the tree and back,” “Run to the slide, go down, and run back,” “Do 25 jumping jacks.” Make two of each instruction (so that the teams will have identical sets). Put one in each bag. Each bag should have one slip per player.
  2. To play: The first player on each team pulls a slip from the bag, performs the action, and tags the next player, who does the same. The first team to finish all the actions wins.
Originally posted on goaupair.com
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